Backgrounder Article from
Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
The Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is a multilateral treaty seeking to protect children under the age of 16 from the harmful effects of their wrongful removal or retention and to establish procedures to ensure their prompt return to the state of their habitual residence, as well as to secure protection for the rights of custody and of access under the laws of its contracting states. The Convention was concluded on October 25, 1980, and entered into force internationally on December 1, 1983.
On March 16, 2016, the Philippines became the Convention’s 94th contracting state. As a new acceding state, a treaty relationship will not be established between Canada and the Philippines until Canada formally accepts the Philippines’ accession by depositing a declaration with the depositary of the Convention. Once Canada receives notification of the accession, it will undertake the necessary review and consultations to consider the possible acceptance of the Philippines’ accession.
Canada ratified the Convention, which applies to all Canadian provinces and territories, in 1983. Canada currently applies the Convention along with 78 other contracting states.
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Hon. Stéphane Dion Global Affairs Canada Government and Politics
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